CLIMATE CHANGE EMERGENCY REFERENCES

These references relating to the climate change emergency are cited on the State of the Climate webpage and elsewhere on this site.

They cover content up to 2010. After 2010 all references have been linked within the new content.

Global Warming Thermometer

American Geophysical Union (AGU) (2008). Global warming could release trillions of pounds of carbon annually from East Siberia's vast frozen soils. ScienceDaily (12 June 2008).
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/06/080611154839.htm

Archer, D. (2007). Methane hydrate stability and anthropogenic climate change. Biogeosciences 4, 521–544 (25 July 2007).
http://geosci.uchicago.edu/~archer/reprints/archer.2007.hydrate_rev.pdf

Associated Press (AP) (2008). The big melt: Two trillion tons of ice have melted since 2003. USA Today (16 December 2008).
http://usatoday30.usatoday.com/tech/science/environment/2008-12-16-arctic-ice_N.htm


Beeby, R. (2008). Fears methane spike will fuel warming. The Canberra Times (30 October 2008).
http://westcoastclimateequity.org/2008/10/31/fears-methane-spike-will-fuel-warming/#comments


Behrenfeld, M. et al (2006). Climate-driven trends in contemporary ocean productivity (Letter). Nature 444, pp. 752-755 (7 December 2006). | doi:10.1038/nature05317
http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v444/n7120/full/nature05317.html


Boucher, O., Friedlingstein, P., Collins, B., and Shine, K. P. (2009). The indirect global warming potential and global temperature change potential due to methane oxidation. Environmental Research Letters 4(044007). | doi:10.1088/1748-9326/4/4/044007
http://iopscience.iop.org/1748-9326/4/4/044007/


Boyce, D. G., Lewis, M. R., and Worm, B. (2010). Global phytoplankton decline over the past century. Nature 466, pp. 591-596 (29 July 2010). | doi:10.1038/nature09268
http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v466/n7306/full/nature09268.html


Brook, E. (2008). Palaeoclimate: Windows on the greenhouse. Nature 453, pp. 291-292 (15 May 2008). | doi:10.1038/453291a
http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v453/n7193/full/453291a.html


Bushnell, D. (2008). Dennis Bushnell (NASA’s Chief Scientist) on Conquering Climate Change. The Futurist (Encyclopedia Britannica Blog) (5 July 2010).
http://www.britannica.com/blogs/2010/07/dennis-bushnell-nasas-chief-scientist-on-conquering-climate-change/


Carnegie Institution for Science (2008). Before fossil fuels, Earth's minerals kept carbon dioxide in check. ScienceDaily (30 April 2008).
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/04/080429095100.htm


Connor, S. (2008). Exclusive: The methane time bomb. The Independent (23 September 2008).
http://www.independent.co.uk/environment/climate-change/exclusive-the-methane-time-bomb-938932.html


Costello, A. et al (2009). Managing the health effects of climate change. Lancet 373, 1693-1733 (16 May 2009).
http://www.thelancet.com/journals/lancet/article/PIIS0140-6736%2809%2960935-1/fulltext (See erratum here.)


Dlugokencky, E. J. et al (2009). Observational constraints on recent increases in the atmospheric CH4 burden. Geophysical Research Letters 36, L18803. | doi:10.1029/2009GL039780
http://www.agu.org/journals/ABS/2009/2009GL039780.shtml


Ebi K. L. and McGregor, G. (2008). Climate change, tropospheric ozone and particulate matter, and health impacts. Environmental Health Perspectives 116(11). | doi:110.1289/ehp.11463
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2592262/


European Climate Forum (2004). What is dangerous climate change? Initial results of a symposium on key vulnerable regions: Climate change and Article 2 of the UNFCCC. ECF Key Vulnerable Regions and Climate Change Symposium, Buenos Aires (14 December 2004).
http://www.globalclimateforum.org/fileadmin/ecf-documents/publications/articles-and-papers/what-is-dangerous-climate-change.pdf


European Environment Agency (2008). Global and European temperature - Assessment CSI 012 (April 2008).
http://www.eea.europa.eu/data-and-maps/indicators/global-and-european-temperature/global-and-european-temperature-assessment-1 (Note links to more recent assessments)


European Science Foundation (2008). Ocean acidification: Another undesired side effect of fossil fuel-burning. ScienceDaily (24 May 2008).
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/05/080521105251.htm


Giles, K. A. et al (2008). Circumpolar thinning of Arctic sea ice following the 2007 record ice extent minimum. Geophysical Research Letters 35, L22502 (20 November 2008). | doi:10.1029/2008GL035710
http://www.agu.org/pubs/crossref/2008/2008GL035710.shtml


Global Coral Reef Monitoring Network (2008). Time running out on coral reefs as climate change becomes increasing threat. ScienceDaily (15 December 2008).
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/12/081210112808.htm


Greene, C. H., Baker, D. J., & Miller D. H. (2010). A very inconvenient truth. Oceanography 23(1), pp. 214-218 (March 2010).
http://www.tos.org/oceanography/archive/23-1_greene.pdf


Greene, C. H. et al (2008). Arctic climate change and its impacts on the ecology of the North Atlantic. Ecology 89 (Special Issue 11), pp. S24-S38 (November 2008). | doi:10.1890/07-0550.1
http://www.esajournals.org/doi/abs/10.1890/07-0550.1


Hansen, J. et al (2007). Climate change and trace gases. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A, 365(1856), pp. 1925–1954 (15 July 2007). | doi:10.1098/rsta.2007.2052
http://rsta.royalsocietypublishing.org/content/365/1856/1925


Heinzerling, A. (2010). Global carbon dioxide emissions fall in 2009: Past decade still sees rapid emissions growth. Earth Policy Institute (20 July 2010).
http://www.earth-policy.org/index.php?/indicators/C52/carbon_emissions_2010


Ho, M-W. (2006). Oceans Carbon Sink or Source. Institute of Science in Society Press Release (25 July 2006).
http://www.i-sis.org.uk/OceanCarbonSink.php


Hofmann, D. J., Butler, J. H., and Tans, P. P. (2008). A new look at atmospheric carbon dioxide. Atmospheric Environment 43(12). | doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2008.12.028
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1352231008011540


Holdren, D. (2006). Meeting the Climate-Change Challenge [ppt]. SES Distinguised Scientist Seminar, Woods Hole Marine Biological Laboratory (3 November 2006).
http://www.whrc.org/resources/essays/2005-2006.html


Hönisch, B. et al (2012). The Geological Record of Ocean Acidification. Science 335(6072), pp. 1058-1063 (2 March 2012). | 10.1126/science.1208277 
http://www.sciencemag.org/content/335/6072/1058.abstract


Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) (2007a). Climate change 2007: Synthesis report. Contribution of Working Groups I, II and III to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Core Writing Team, Pachauri, R.K and Reisinger, A. (eds.)]. IPCC, Geneva, Switzerland.
http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/publications_ipcc_
fourth_assessment_report_synthesis_report.htm


IPCC (2007b). Climate Change 2007: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Solomon, S., D. Qin, M. Manning, Z. Chen, M. Marquis, K.B. Averyt, M. Tignor and H.L. Miller (eds.)]. IPCC, Geneva, Switzerland.
http://www.ipcc.ch/publications_and_data/ar4/wg1/en/contents.html


International Energy Agency (IEA) (2010). World Energy Outlook 2010. (9 November 2010). 
http://www.worldenergyoutlook.org/publications/weo-2010/


IEA (2009). World Energy Outlook 2009. (10 November 2009). 
http://www.worldenergyoutlook.org/publications/weo-2009/


International Society for Reef Studies (July 2008). 11th International Coral Reef Symposium (ICRS), Fort Lauderdale, Florida, USA.
http://www.nova.edu/ncri/11icrs/


Johnson, C. E., Stevenson, D. S., Collins, W. J., and Derwent, R. G. (2001). Role of climate feedback on methane and ozone studied with a coupled Ocean-Atmosphere-Chemistry model. Geophysical Research Letters 28(9), pp. 1723-1726 (1 May 2001).
http://www.agu.org/journals/ABS/2001/2000GL011996.shtml


Jungkunst, H. F. (2010). Soil science: Arctic thaw. Nature Geoscience 3, pp. 306-307. | doi:10.1038/ngeo851
http://www.nature.com/ngeo/journal/v3/n5/pdf/ngeo851.pdf


Khor, M. (2006). Act now on climate, leaders told. In Global Trends, Third World Network (11 September 2006).
http://www.twnside.org.sg/title2/gtrends120.htm


Khvorostyanov, D. V. et al (2008). Vulnerability of east Siberia's frozen carbon stores to future warming. Geophysical Research Letters 35, L10703 (20 May 2008). | doi:10.1029/2008GL033639
http://www.agu.org/pubs/crossref/2008/2008GL033639.shtml


Lawrence, D. M. et al (2008). Accelerated Arctic land warming and permafrost degradation during rapid sea ice loss. Geophysical Research Letters, 35, L11506 (13 June 2008). | doi:10.1029/2008GL033985
http://www.agu.org/pubs/crossref/2008/2008GL033985.shtml


Le Quéré, C. et al (2007). Saturation of the southern ocean CO2 sink due to recent climate change. Science, 316(5832), pp. 1735-1738 (22 June 2007). | doi:10.1126/science.1136188
http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/abstract/1136188


Le Quéré, C. et al (ongoing). Global Carbon Budget. Global Carbon Project.
http://www.globalcarbonproject.org/carbonbudget/index.htm


Lobell, D. B., Schlenker, W. and Costa-Roberts, J. (2011). Climate Trends and Global Crop Production Since 1980. Science, 222(6042), pp. 616-620 (29 July 2011). |doi:10.1126/science.1204531
http://www.sciencemag.org/content/333/6042/616.abstract


Lüthi, D. et al (2008). High-resolution carbon dioxide concentration record 650,000–800,000 years before present (Letter). Nature 453, 379-382 (15 May 2008). | doi:10.1038/nature06949
http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v453/n7193/abs/nature06949.html


NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (2008). NASA data show Arctic saw fastest August sea ice retreat on record (26 September 2008).
http://www.nasa.gov/centers/goddard/news/topstory/2008/sea_ice_min.html


National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) (2013). State of the Climate in 2012. Supplement to Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 94(8) (August 2012).
http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/bams-state-of-the-climate/2012.php


NOAA (2010a). State of the Climate. National Climatic Data Center.
http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/sotc/


NOAA (2010b). State of the Climate in 2009. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society 91 (July 2010).
http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/bams-state-of-the-climate/2009.php


NOAA (2010c). Greenhouse Gases: Frequently Asked Questions. National Climatic Data Center.
http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/cmb-faq/greenhouse-gases.php


NOAA (2009). Greenhouse gases continue to climb despite economic slump. ScienceDaily (26 April 2009). 
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/04/090424195920.htm


NOAA (ongoing). The NOAA Annual Greenhouse Gas Index. NOAA Earth System Research Laboratory.
http://www.esrl.noaa.gov/gmd/aggi/


Pearce, F. (2005). Climate warning as Siberia melts. New Scientist, Issue 2512 (11 August 2005).
http://www.newscientist.com/article/mg18725124.500


Pearson, P. M. & Palmer, M. R. (2000). Atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations over the past 60 million years. Nature 406, pp. 695-699 (17 August 2000). | doi:10.1038/35021000
http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v406/n6797/abs/406695a0.html


Piao, S. et al (2008). Net carbon dioxide losses of northern ecosystems in response to autumn warming (Letter). Nature 451, 49-52 (3 January 2008). | doi:10.1038/nature06444
http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v451/n7174/full/nature06444.html


Pope, V. (2008). Met Office's bleak forecast on climate change. The Guardian (1 October 2008).
http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2008/oct/01/climatechange.carbonemissions


Prinn, R. et al (2008). The influence on climate change of differing scenarios for future development analyzed using the MIT integrated global system model. The MIT Joint Program on the Science and Policy of Global Change, Joint Program Report Series, Report 163 (September 2008).
http://globalchange.mit.edu/pubs/abstract.php?publication_id=938


Ramanathan, V. and Feng, Y. (2008). On avoiding dangerous anthropogenic interference with the climate system: Formidable challenges ahead. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 105(38), pp. 14245-14250 (23 September 2008). | doi:10.1073/pnas.0803838105
http://www.pnas.org/content/105/38/14245


Raupach, M. et al (2007). Global and regional drivers of accelerating CO2 emissions. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States (PNAS), 104(24), pp. 10288-10293 (12 June 2007). | doi:10.1073/pnas.0700609104
http://www.pnas.org/content/104/24/10288.abstract


Ravishankara, A. R., Daniel, J. S., and Portmann, R. W. (2009). Nitrous oxide (N2O): The dominant ozone-depleting substance emitted in the 21st century. Science 326(5949) (2 October 2009). | doi:10.1126/science.117698
http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/abstract/1176985


Rigby, M. et al (2008). Renewed growth of atmospheric methane. Geophysical Research Letters, 35(L22805) (20 November 2008). | doi:10.1029/2008GL036037
http://www.agu.org/pubs/crossref/2008/2008GL036037.shtml


Schilt, A. et al (2010). Glacial-interglacial and millennial-scale variations in the atmospheric nitrous oxide concentration during the last 800,000 years. Quaternary Science Reviews 29(1-2), pp. 182-192 (January 2010). | doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2009.03.011
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S027737910900119X


Schuster, U., & Watson, A. J. (2007). A variable and decreasing sink for atmospheric CO2 in the North Atlantic. Journal of Geophysical Research, 112, C11006 (8 November 2007). | doi:10.1029/2006JC003941
http://www.agu.org/pubs/crossref/2007/2006JC003941.shtml


Schuur, A. G. et al (2008). Vulnerability of permafrost carbon to climate change: Implications for the global carbon cycle. BioScience, 58(8), pp. 701-714 (September 2008). | doi:10.1641/B580807
http://www.bioone.org/perlserv/?request=get-abstract&doi
=10.1641%2FB580807


Semiletov I. et al (2005). Methane climate forcing and methane observations in the Siberian Arctic land-shelf system. World Resource Review, 16(4), 503-542.
http://globalwarming.net/index.php?option=com_content&task
=view&id=26&Itemid=34
[scroll down]


Sergienko, V. I. et al (2012). The degradation of submarine permafrost and the destruction of hydrates on the shelf of east arctic seas as a potential cause of the "Methane Catastrophe": some results of integrated studies in 2011. Doklady Earth Sciences, 446(1), pp 1132-1137 (September 2012). | doi:10.1134/S1028334X12080144
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1134%2FS1028334X12080144


Shakhova, N. et al (2007). Methane release on the Arctic East Siberian shelf. Geophysical Research Abstracts, 9(01071). | SRef-ID: 1607-7962/gra/EGU2007-A-01071
http://www.cosis.net/abstracts/EGU2007/01071/EGU2007-J-01071.pdf


Sherwood, S. & Huber, M. (2009). An adaptability limit for large warmings — are we accounting for it? IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science 6 (9 March 2009). | doi:10.1088/1755-1307/6/2/522006
http://www.iop.org/EJ/article/1755-1315/6/52/522006/ees9_6_522006.pdf


Shindell, D. T., Rind, D., and P. Lonergan (1998). Increased polar stratospheric ozone losses and delayed eventual recovery owing to increasing greenhouse-gas concentrations. Nature 392, pp. 589-592. | doi:1038/33385
http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v392/n6676/full/392589a0.html


Sitch, S., Cox, P. M., Collins, W. J., and Huntingford, C. (2007). Indirect radiative forcing of climate change through ozone effects on the land-carbon sink. Nature 448, pp. 791-794 (16 August 2007). | doi:10.1038/nature06059
http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v448/n7155/full/nature06059.html


Solomon, S., Plattner, G-K., Knutti, R., & Friedlingstein, P. (2009). Irreversible climate change due to carbon dioxide emissions. PNAS 106(6) (10 February 2009). | doi:10.1073/pnas.0812721106
http://www.pnas.org/content/106/6/1704.full


Steffensen, J. P. et al (2008). High-resolution Greenland ice core data show abrupt climate change happens in few years. Science, 321(5889), pp. 680-684 (1 August 2008). | doi:10.1126/science.1157707
http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/abstract/1157707


Stern, N. et al (2006). Stern Review on the Economics of Climate Change. HM Treasury (30 October 2006).
http://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk/+/http:/www.hm-treasury.gov.uk/sternreview_index.htm


Stramma, L. et al (2008). Expanding oxygen-minimum zones in the tropical oceans. Science, 320(5876), pp. 655-658 (2 May 2008). | doi:10.1126/science.1153847
http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/content/abstract/320/5876/655


United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) (2008). UNEP Year Book 2008: An overview of our changing environment. Division of Early Warning and Assessment (DEWA), Nairobi, Kenya.
http://www.unep.org/geo/yearbook/yb2008/


UNEP (2007). Global Environment Outlook 4 (GEO-4).
http://www.unep.org/geo/GEO4.asp


University of Alaska Fairbanks (2006). Thawing soil in permafrost a significant source of carbon. ScienceDaily (15 June 2006).
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2006/06/060615180432.htm


University of Chicago (2008). Ocean growing more acidic faster than once thought; Increasing acidity threatens sea life. ScienceDaily (26 November 2008).
http://www.sciencedaily.com /releases/2008/11/081124141053.htm


University of Copenhagen (2008). Methane, potent greenhouse gas, flowing into the atmosphere from tundra much faster than expected. ScienceDaily (11 December 2008).
http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/12/081210133814.htm


US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) (2010). Nitrous oxide: Greenhouse gas properties.
http://www.epa.gov/nitrousoxide/scientific.html


Vaks, A. et al (2013). Speleothems Reveal 500,000-Year History of Siberian Permafrost. Science, 340(6129), pp. 183-186 (12 April 2013). | doi:10.1126/science.1228729
http://www.sciencemag.org/content/340/6129/183


Vos, F., Rodriguez, J., Below, R., and Guha-Sapir, D. (2010). Annual Disaster Statistical Review 2009: The numbers and trends. Center for Research on the Epidemiology of Disasters (CRED).
http://cred.be/sites/default/files/ADSR_2009.pdf


Walter, K. M. et al (2006). Methane bubbling from Siberian thaw lakes as a positive feedback to climate warming (Letter). Nature 443, pp. 71-75 (7 September 2006). | doi:10.1038/nature05040
http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v443/n7107/full/nature05040.html


Weaver, A. J. et al (2007). Long term climate implications of 2050 emission reduction targets. Geophysical Research Letters, 34(L19703) (6 October 2007). | doi:10.1029/2007GL031018
http://www.agu.org/pubs/crossref/2007/2007GL031018.shtml


Wittig, V. E. et al (2009). Quantifying the impact of current and future tropospheric ozone on tree biomass, growth, physiology and biochemistry: A quantitative meta-analysis. Global Change Biology 15(2), pp. 396-424 (February 2009). | doi:10.1111/j.1365-2486.2008.01774.x
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-2486.
2008.01774.x/abstract


World Health Organization (WHO), et al (2009). Protecting the health of vulnerable people from the humanitarian consequences of climate change and climate related disasters. Submission to the 6th session of the Ad Hoc Working Group on Long-Term Cooperative Action under the Convention (AWG-LCA 6). Bonn (1-12 June 2009).
http://unfccc.int/resource/docs/2009/smsn/igo/047.pdf 
[If this link does not work, please copy and paste the web address into your browser.]


World Meteorological Organization (WMO) (2013). 2001-2010, A Decade of Climate Extremes. Press Release WMO-No 976 (3 July 2013).
http://www.wmo.int/pages/mediacentre/press_releases/pr_976_en.html


WMO (2003). According to the World Meteorological Organization, extreme weather events might increase. Press Release WMO-No 695 87 (2 July 2003).
http://www.ratical.org/ratville/linkscopy/Press695.html


Zeebe, R. E. and Caldeira, K. (2008). Close mass balance of long-term carbon fluxes from ice-core CO2 and ocean chemistry records. Nature Geoscience 1, pp. 312-315 (27 April 2008). | doi:10.1038/ngeo185
http://www.nature.com/ngeo/journal/v1/n5/abs/ngeo185.html


Zimov, S. A. et al (2006). Permafrost and the global carbon budget (Perspectives). Science, 312(5780), pp. 1612-1613 (16 June 2006). | doi:10.1126/science.1128908
http://www.sciencemag.org/cgi/doi/10.1126/science.1128908 


See something that needs attention?
Please contact the webmaster.

Please note that all fields followed by an asterisk must be filled in.

Please enter the word that you see below.

  


Return from Climate Change Emergency References to State of the Climate 

Go to Climate Change Emergency Medical Response Homepage